Intermediate

Resources for Intermediate Students

Women in War (4 activities)
This four-part lesson introduces students to the topic of women in the Canadian Forces and the challenges that they face. Students will analyze historical photos, read, and discuss articles that present myths about women in the infantry, explore the life of Nichola Goddard, and listen to the song “Highway of Heroes” by the Canadian band, The Trews. The “Women in War” unit culminates with each student writing a letter, either “To” or “From” a female soldier.
Subjects: History/Social Studies, Visual Arts, English, Media Literacy
Click to download the “Women in War: Introduction” (Overview of the 4 parts below).

Part 1: Pictures of Women in War
In this activity students will critically analyze images of Women in War. By assessing a variety of images students will be able to use this visual information to help them formulate a character for their letters. (Part 1 will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download: 1. Teacher’s “Pictures” PDF    2. Student “Pictures” PDF   3. “10 Photos” PDF

Part 2: Women in the Infantry: A Debate
This activity introduces students to differing perspectives on women in the military and the skill of persuasion. By the end of the lesson, students can express their positions, as well as opposing arguments, on a particular issue. (Part 2 will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download: 1. Teacher’s “Women in the Infantry” PDF    2. Five Myths PDF    3. Seven Myths PDF    4. She Went PDF

Part 3: Captain Nichola Goddard: A Case Study
To help students craft letters that are rich with both facts and emotion students will study Nichola Goddard. Hearing Nichola Goddard’s story from those who cared most for her will help the students give voice to the characters in their letters. (Part 3 will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download the “Nichola Goddard” PDF

 

Part 4: Letters To or From a Female Soldier
In this culminating activity students will compose letters either “to” or “from” a female soldier from an era in history of their choosing. Students are to incorporate information gathered over the course of this unit to bring their characters to life. (Part 4 will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download: 1. Teacher’s “Letters” PDF    2. Student “Letters” PDF

Nursing sisters of No.10 Canadian General Hospital (R.C.A.M.C.), France, 23July1944 (Credit: LAC M#3194289).

Lance Corporal John Shiwak
This lesson explores Lance Corporal John Shiwak, a skilled sniper and Inuk member of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment who died in France during the First World War. Students will watch a short YouTube video clip (5m:42) about the Lance Corporal and then engage in a creative exercise and create a work of art based on Shiwak’s time in the trenches. (This lesson will take at least 45 minutes).
Click to download the “Shiwak” PDF

 

D-Day: The Crossword Puzzle Mystery
This lesson introduces students to D-Day, the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944. First the students will watch a short documentary (10m:06) describing D-Day. Second, a newspaper article that talks of a suspicious pre-D-Day crossword puzzle is reviewed. Lastly, the students will complete their own crossword puzzle containing clues and words related to the Normandy Invasion. (This lesson will take at least 45 minutes).
Click to download the “D-Day” PDF

 

D-Day: Video Analysis (3 Activities)
After viewing a two minute D-Day video showing Canadian soldiers disembarking from a landing craft onto Juno Beach, students will complete one (or more) of three activities described in the PDF (Think-Pair-Share, KWL, Crossword). Students will also learn about Sgt Bill Grant (the man who took the video) and the context within which the video was filmed. (With all 3 activities this lesson will take at least 75 minutes).
Click to download the “D-Day Video Analysis” PDF

A coloured image of Lance Corporal John Shiwak (Credit: Canadian Virtual War Memorial, Veterans Affairs Canada).

Flying Officer Daryl “Doc” Seaman
This lesson explores Flying Officer Daryl “Doc” Seaman, an inspirational Canadian who served in the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War. Students will watch a short YouTube video (8m:17) about “Doc” and then discuss questions related to his life and his legacy. (This lesson will take at least 30 minutes).
Click to download the “Seaman” PDF

Charles “Chuck” Mawer (Credit: Mawer family).

Commander Charles “Chuck” Mawer
This lesson explores Commander Charles “Chuck” Mawer, commander of the HMCS Haida during the Second World War. Students will watch a short YouTube video (4m:36) about Commander Mawer and his time aboard Haida and then discuss traits and qualities of a heroic person. This activity will also familiarize students with different military commendations and orders and encourage them to think about different ways in which people act with valour and bravery. (This lesson will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download the “Mawer” PDF

 

MCpl Mitic & Sgt Gilmore: Force Multipliers
This lesson explores the story of Canadian Forces sniper Jody Mitic and medic Alannah Gilmore who were brought together amid war and disaster during a tour in Afghanistan. Students will have a discussion on “service” to one’s country and “purpose” in life following a documentary video (11m:57). The lesson finishes with a fun KIMS (Keep in Mind) game that develops skills frequently used by police officers, detectives, and snipers, among others. (This lesson will take at least 1 hour in-class).
Click to download the “Force Multipliers” PDF

Forgotten Fallen: Monumental Canadians Video Assignment
This lesson explores four individuals, each from a different segment of the Canadian population, who made the ultimate sacrifice during the First World War, and whose bodies were never found. Students will watch Valour Canada’s award-winning Forgotten Fallen (29m:25) documentary about Thomas Riley, Talbot Papineau, Margaret Fraser, and John Shiwak. Students will reflect on the material they watched by completing questions based on these Canadians and consider the important role that history plays in peoples day-to-day lives. (This lesson will take at least 75 minutes).
Click to download the “Forgotten Fallen” PDF

 

Matron Margaret Marjory Fraser
This lesson explores the career and life of Matron Margaret Fraser, a Canadian Nursing Sister who perished in 1917 after the hospital ship she was aboard, the HMHS Llandovery Castle, was struck by a German submarine. Students will watch a segment (6m:18) of Valour Canada’s award winning Forgotten Fallen documentary and consider the role of women in the war, the occurrences of atrocities, as well as explore the concept of justice and make a judgement based on evidence about whether justice was served in the case of the Llandovery Castle. (This lesson will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download the “Matron Fraser” PDF

HMHS Llandovery Castle (Credit: Nova Scotia Archives).

Private Thomas Riley
This lesson explores Private Thomas Riley and trench warfare. Private Thomas Riley was a Lewis machine gunner in the 1st Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles (1CMR) who died on 26 October 1917. A segment (4m:50) of our award-winning Forgotten Fallen documentary that tells Private Riley’s story will provide context for activities based around trench warfare. Students will work as a class to decide which questions about trench warfare and World War One are most important and then share their answers with their class. (This lesson will take at least 75 minutes).
Click to download the “Riley” PDF

 

General Sir Arthur Currie: Interpreting Evidence
This lesson explores the accomplishments of Sir Arthur Currie, Canada’s top General during the First World War . . . but how effective was he? Students will watch our Currie documentary on YouTube (8m:52) and note any narration that discusses reasons for Currie’s success. Then the students will research (online or in the library) for evidence that supports the “top General” label (or suggests otherwise) before formulating their own written personal conclusion. (This lesson will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download “Currie” PDF

Nichola in Afghanistan (Credit: www.nicholagoddard.com).

Captain Nichola Goddard: A Legacy of Service
This lesson explores the inspired life of Canadian Forces Captain Nichola Goddard and her tragic death in Afghanistan. Students will make “Afghan Chai” tea and participate in a “Shura” (meeting) while watching this short YouTube video (6m:19). The students will then read a selection of Goddard’s Letters. The lesson finishes with a guided discussion that includes topics such as: Canada’s mission in Afghanistan, equality of opportunity in the Canadian Forces, and life & legacy. (This lesson will take at least 1 hour).
Click to download “A Legacy of Service” PDF

The design of Valour Canada’s educational content is guided primarily by two learning theories:

Six Historical Thinking Concepts (Seixas and Colyer) and Bloom’s Taxonomy (Revised in 2001: Anderson and Krathwol)

Credit: University of Waterloo (Bloom’s Taxonomy), the Historical Thinking Project.

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