Military History Library

The Buffalo Nine

The Buffalo Nine

As of 2008, Canada has begun recognizing August 9th as National Peacekeepers Day. This honorary holiday is used to acknowledge those who have fought or are still fighting to promote peace worldwide. Canada itself has contributed soldiers to 32 different United Nation missions across the globe and has lost 122 lives in the process.  In fact, August 9 was chosen in recognition of a horrible event that occurred on that same date in 1974, making it the costliest day in Canadian peacekeeping history.

In the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War, a group of nine Canadian peacekeepers conducted their daily flight in a United Nations transport aircraft from Ismailia, Egypt to Damascus, Syria. During this routine outing a land-to-air missile struck the UNEF II De Havilland Buffalo, resulting in the loss of all nine Canadians aboard the aircraft. The victims of the attack are now commonly referred to as the Buffalo Nine.

During the investigation, the UN was faced with nothing but interference from the Syrian government. Luckily for them, an employee at the United States Embassy had witnessed the whole event including the launching of the projectile. To this day, the Syrian government refuses to accept any responsibility for the attack on August 9th, 1974.   

Valour Canada would like to salute all of Canada's Peacekeepers past and present, for their service to our great country and the world.


Photo: Canadian and United Nation's investigators examining the wreckage of the attack. (Credit: Buffalo 461 wreckage photos provided by F/L Don Fish MMM CD (Ret)/Buffalo 461)

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