Military History Library

Canada in Burma (Myanmar)

Canada in Burma (Myanmar)

In the 1996, the Canadian National Defence Recovery Team traveled deep into the jungle of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) to recover the bodies of six Canadian airmen killed during the Second World War. An estimated 8,000 Canadians served in Burma during the Second World War; five hundred lost their lives battling Japanese imperialism. Most of these men served with the Royal Air Force (RAF).

The RAF was primarily responsible for supplying the Allied ground troops with supplies in Burma. Myanmar’s mountainous, jungle terrain made ground transport a logistical nightmare and forced the troops to rely on regular airdrops. However, it also meant that Canadian pilots were forced to fly in heavy rain and low cloud coverage during Burma’s five-month-long monsoon season, conditions that would ordinarily leave a plane grounded. Canadian pilots were also tasked with defending military bases from Japanese attacks and often engaged in fierce dogfights during major Allied offensives.

One Canadian who served on the ground was Fred Kagawa. After being rejected by the RCAF due to his Japanese heritage, Kagawa was later recruited and trained as an interpreter by the Canadian Intelligence Corps. In Burma, he was assigned to the Psychological Warfare Broadcasting Unit in Rangoon where he spent his days translating Allied propaganda into Japanese to undermine enemy morale. On August 14, 1945 Kagawa was finally able to announce that Japan had surrendered and that the three-year-long Burma Campaign was over.


Photo: F.H. Sproule and Warrant Officer H.E. Johnny Walker. Two Canadian Hurri-bombers who were among the busiest men on the Burma front. 28 February 1945. (Copyright: Crown. From Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN no. 4283438)


More information:

See Canada’s National Film Board documentary, Lost Over Burma: Search for Closure

A recent find in Myanmar: Discovery of Second World War plane in Burmese jungle brings closure to Peterborough family

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