Girl Guides Challenge:
Canadian Women of Valour
Purpose: The purpose of this challenge is to learn about and appreciate the efforts of Canadian women during WWI and WWII.
To see this page in PDF format, please click: Canadian Women of Valour Challenge
To order crests for this challenge - please email orders
All branches must complete Section #1 - Remembrance.
Sparks and Brownies: Complete 3 other sections.
Guides: Complete 4 other sections.
Pathfinders and Rangers Complete 5 other sections.
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Section #1 – Remembrance
a. Discuss what Remembrance is – not just remembering, but active Remembrance.
b. Participate in two examples of active Remembrance. For example,
- attend a Remembrance Day ceremony;
- visit a monument;
- meet with a veteran;
- talk with family members;
- write a first-hand history;
- design a symbol of Remembrance to wear (i.e. the poppy);
- attend a No Stone Left Alone ceremony.
Girl Guides on parade in Drumheller, AB, on 8 May, 1945 (Victory Europe Day).
Section # 2 – On the Home Front: In the Kitchen and In the Community
Describe how war affects people on the home front:
a. In The Kitchen PDF: On the Homefront - Girl Guides version
i - Have girls read the historical information about rationing and the home front (Pages 3 & 4 on the PDF) as a class, in small groups, or individually.
ii - Make a delicious and authentic 1940s recipe (Pages 1 & 2 on the PDF).
[Encourage older girls to research and choose their own wartime recipe in groups. Girls can then present the food item to the group along with historical information about the recipe.]
b. In The Community
When women weren’t able to participate overseas they often wrote letters, knit socks, made ditty bags, and rolled bandages as a way to lift the spirits of the soldiers on the front. Try your hand at some of these tasks:
- Valentines for Vets
- Make a care package for a soldier or veteran
- Try rolling bandages
- Try knitting a pair of socks (or mittens, or a hat, or a scarf).
A unit of Girl Guides saluting from the steps of Calgary City Hall in 1914.
Section # 3 – Wartime Service
a. Using pictures of women in wartime (PDF: 9 Pictures of Women in War), write a letter, story, draw a picture or create a short skit based on information you have gathered about the life of a woman in the time of war.
b. Find out what women did in your town during the wars.
c. Learn about what your relatives did during the wars.
d. Learn about veterans’ services in your area. Incorporate veterans into a service project.
e. Do another relevant activity of your choosing.
Some of the gatherings from a bottle drive in Bowness (Calgary) in the 1940s.
Section # 4 – Real Canadian Women
Choose 3 of the women below, click on the link, and read the information about them. Imagine that you have a chance to meet each of them while they are serving. In order to learn more about their experiences write 3 questions that you would like to ask each of the three women.
Alexina Dussault (WWI Nurse)
Margaret Lowe (WWI Nurse)
Charlotte "Andy" Monture (WWI Aboriginal Nurse)
Matron Margaret Fraser (WWI Nurse)
The C.W.A.A.F. (WWII Auxiliary Air Force, aka Women's Division)
Molly Lamb Bobak (WWII war artist)
Wright and Trull (WWII code breakers)
Karen Hermiston (WWII photographer)
Cynthia Oakley (WWII Canadian Women's Army Corps)
Kay Christie (WWII Nurse and P.O.W.)
Camp cooking (date and location unknown).
Section # 5 – How the Girl Guides Won the War
a. GGC ran a Canada-wide Wartime Emergency Service Program to prepare girl members, 15-years and older (especially Rangers), to meet the war needs in their community in periods of emergency. Choose one of the four following abilities and think about how you could apply it to the present day. Include at least one new skill (i.e. map and compass skills, household repairs, canning etc.) in your answer.
The Rangers (and some other girls) were trained and tested in the following areas:
- Home Service – This included home nursing, first aid, household repairs, mending and thrifty cooking.
- Child Care – This included looking after children younger than 10 years of age. It also included learning to assist in the evacuation of small children and helping to make them comfortable and happy in temporary quarters.
- Transportation – This included knowing how to act as messengers in their own communities, drive a vehicle, repair motors, transport groups from a danger zone to a safe place and being able to orient themselves in strange surroundings with road maps, a compass, a watch and the position of the sun and stars.
- Land work – This included theoretical and practical knowledge of any form of food production with at least one month’s part-time work or three months’ full-time land work.
b. During the First World War, Girl Guide members worked in munitions factories, made surgical dressings and bandages, knitted socks for soldiers, assisted in the distribution of leaflets for war relief societies, collected waste paper for Red Cross funds, prepared khaki clothes, and made shirts and other articles for soldiers’ clothing in factories. This meant that there was little time and access to machinery to make badges, so they hand embroidered them. Learn how to embroider, and then create a badge. (kits can be purchased at E-Patches and other badge outlets).
c. Learn about what Girl Guides did during the wars – read sections from “How the Girl Guides Won the War” by Janie Hampton (Amazon.ca).
d. Complete another relevant activity of your choosing showing how Girl Guides participated in WWI and WWII.
Guides and Scouts working together to make dolls (1930s, but exact date and location unknown).
Section # 6 – Rallying the Troops
Create a poster to get women to enlist. It should be informative and eye-catching. You could use principles from war posters to make an advertisement to “enlist in Guiding”. (Note: To see some real posters, note the examples in the PDFs for Karen Hermiston, C.W.A.A.F., and 9 Photos)
Guides of all ages lining up (date and location unknown).
Section # 7 – Valour Canada
Complete 5 of the following Valour Canada items:
a. Learn about Valour Canada by checking out their website and watching at least one of their documentary videos.
b. Participate in one of Valour Canada’s educational events. (see the education event listing here)
c. Browse The Road to Vimy Ridge website and complete at least 3 of the site’s quizzes.
d. Browse The Case of the Llandovery Castle website and vote in the poll in the ‘Conclusion’ section.
e. Visit Valour Canada’s Instagram or Facebook page.
f. Provide feedback about Valour Canada programs to their educator.
Lining up for inspection (date and location unknown).
Program Tie-Ins, All Branches:
Connect and Question
- Canadian Connections - Local Communities - World Stage
- Our Story
- Your Choice - Your Voice - Your Action
Other Important Links and Resources:
Wartime Guide Badges (historical):
Challenge Descriptions Proficiency Challenges
Valentine's for Vets No Stone Left Alone
The Nursing Sisters of Canada Canadian Nurses Memorial
Girl Guides of Canada - Guides du Canada Girl Guides of Alberta
Challenges Page (Alberta)
Guides cooling off in the lake (date and location unknown).